National College of Public Administration and Governance
The National College of Public Administration and Governance has been the pioneering leader of the discipline in the Philippines and in Asia since its establishment in 1952. In performing its three-fold function of instruction, research, and extension service, it has expanded its scope from governmental management to the broader concerns of governance, including the roles of the private sector and civil society.
Censoring and Monitoring Internet and Computer Use in the Filipino Workplace
Internet censorship in the Philippines occurs at the level of organizations. A survey of 112 organizations in 2008 revealed the following:
- Filtering depends on type of organization and its capability to impose restrictions.
- Monitoring and surveillance is becoming a norm in many organizations.
- Censorship policies are often the result of practices brought in by multinational corporations, especially financial institutions.
- The survey provides useful case studies of censorship in the workplace and in educational organizations.
Foundation for Media Alternatives
The Foundation for Media Alternatives is a non-governmental organization in the Philippines dedicated to the democratisation and strategic use of information and communications systems and resources for social transformation. Part of its mission is to engage in research, development and advocacy in the area of information and communications policy, particularly in the broad arena of communication rights, including media freedom, access to information and knowledge, and civil rights in digital environments.
Big Brother Re-emerges: Internet and Mobile Telephony Censorship and Surveillance Practices in the Philippines
Though one of Asia’s few free and nominally democratic states, the Philippines’ open Internet space faces continuing challenges on different fronts: persistent internal armed conflicts, global frameworks on “cybercrime” and “cyberterrorism,” conservative discourses on “harmful content,” and the dominance of the private sector amidst weak regulatory environments.
This study documents how and where online censorship and surveillance has re-emerged, and how politicians, activists, ordinary citizens and even Presidents have been victimized.
Though the Internet has not been systematically filtered, it is in mobile telephony—in the so-called “SMS capital of the world” where cell phones outnumber personal computers 4 to 1—where problematic trends emerge.
Existing telecom ecosystems have allowed both state and private actors unprecedented access to citizens’ mobile content. The study examines implications for public policy and popular mobilization.
De La Salle University Institute of Governance
The De La Salle University Institute of Governance is designed to develop teaching, research, policy and network strategies to build the capacity of government, business and civil society stakeholders to exercise leadership, foster transparency, strengthen accountability and apply information and communications technology solutions to improve governance systems.
Patrolling the Internet: Decentralized Modes of Control
There is no defined state policy on Internet censorship in the Philippines. However, there are decentralized modes of control:
- Local governments have started passing ordinances mandating Internet cafés to install filtering software to block certain Web sites.
- In a proposed national law against child pornography, Internet service providers are asked to monitor email accounts and computer files.